As of Friday, Feb. 15, President Donald Trump has declared a national emergency to secure funding for the United States-Mexico border wall. This is the 60th declaration for a national emergency since the National Emergencies Act was signed in 1976. According to CNN, out of those, 32 (including this one) are still active and this is the fourth national emergency declared by President Trump.
President Trump’s first national emergency was declared back on Dec. 20, 2017. Trump declared a national emergency on “blocking the property of persons involved in Serious Human Rights Abuse or Corruption.”
“Trump’s first national emergency was imposing sanctions on 13 people deemed as ‘serious human rights abusers and corrupt actors,’” said the CNN article. “Among them was Maung Maung Soe, a general in Myanmar who was head of the Western Command that oversaw the crackdown on the country’s Rohingya Muslim minority.”
Trump’s second national emergency was Sep. 12, 2018 and it was “Imposing Certain Sanctions in the Event of Foreign Interference in a United States Election.”
“Trump signed an executive order meant to punish foreign entities for interfering in U.S. elections,” said the CNN article. “An attempt to demonstrate muscle on an issue he’s been accused of downplaying. The order allows for new sanctions against Russian or other foreign actors.”
The most recent national emergency during Trump’s presidency, other than the one he declared last Friday, is the “Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Nicaragua.” This national emergency was declared Nov. 27, 2018.
“Nicaraguan protesters have been expressing outrage over the government’s social security overhaul proposals and President Daniel Ortega’s increasingly authoritarian rule,” said the CNN article. “They’ve encountered retaliation from security forces and paramilitary groups loyal to the Ortega government.”
Since the National Emergencies Act of 1976 was signed, according to Snopes Media Group Inc., every president since 1976 has declared at least one national emergency. President Jimmy Carter declared two, President Ronald Reagan declared six, President George H.W. Bush declared four, President Bill Clinton declared the most with 17, President George W. Bush declared 12 and President Barack Obama declared 13.
Now back to the border wall, Carlos Ballesteros with Newsweek wrote there are a total of 35 cities along the border with 12 million residents.
According to the Government Accountability Office,” Ballesteros wrote, “federal and tribal lands make up 632 miles, or approximately 33 percent, of the nearly 2,000 total border miles.”
The remaining 66 percent consists of “private and state-owned lands … most of which is located in Texas,” Ballesteros said.
Whether the wall will be funded by Mexico, Congress or taxpayers, is yet to be figured out, but the cost of the wall has been declared.
“As far as cost goes, Trump has cited a 10 billion estimate that was given to him during the campaign by the National Precast Concrete Association. That comes to about 7.4 million per mile,” said Chris Isidore and Jeanne Sahadi of CNN.